How to make a punctuation analysis of a sentence in order to once and for all insure yourself against absurd mistakes while writing? If you remember the simple rules of the Russian language once and for all, you can not worry about your reputation as a literate scribe. How to do punctuation analysis, children learn in the fifth or sixth grade, but over time, the lessons are forgotten and you have to restore knowledge.
What is punctuation parsing?
In fact, the answer to this question lies in the very title of the term. This is the division of the sentence into certain segments, which are separated from each other by punctuation marks, as well as finding out which punctuation marks are suitable in this or that case. This is a detailed analysis of all signs of placed punctuation marks in a separate sentence.
Correctly performing a punctuation analysis of a sentence means not only correctly placing punctuation marks, but also explaining why this mark is worth it here. In order not to get confused and do everything in order, it is necessary to follow a certain sequence of actions.
Punctuation parsing is done according to the following scheme:
- First, the number of grammatical foundations present in the sentence is determined. The grammatical basis is the subject and predicate. If the construction is of a simple type (with a single grammatical basis), one should carefully look at what part of speech is a predicate or subject. Often the punctuation marks may depend on this. So, if the subject and the predicate are expressed by nouns, there will be a dash between them.
For example: "Coffee is a drink."
- If the construction is complex and consists of two grammatical foundations, it is necessary to trace how they are interconnected. Communication can be allied and unionless. It defines the main and subordinate parts.
For example: “The boy went out for a walk, because the weather is good” is an allied connection (union “because”), the first part is main, the second is minor.
And vice versa: “The weather was good on the street, so the boy went for a walk” - the proposals were joined by the “why” union, but the main and secondary parts switched roles.
- Also, when punctuation parsing the sentence, it is necessary to explain why in the end there is one or another sign (point, question, exclamation point, ellipsis). To do this, determine the nature of the purpose of the statement.
Suggestions for the purpose of utterance can be narrative, exclamatory and interrogative.
- In the end, you need to specify how many simple sentences are in the complex (if you disassemble such an option), and also execute a graphic diagram of the text structure being analyzed.
How to make a punctuation analysis of the proposal knows every schoolboy, but as we grow up, incoming information sometimes supplants such elementary knowledge, and we forget about the simplest things. To restore past experience, try to make a punctuation analysis on various examples of the text. This way you can always be confident in your impeccable literacy.
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