Pros and cons of Finnish education
Finland became an independent state relatively recently, but achieved impressive success in the educational field, creating one of the best systems in the world. Her education system is of genuine interest among educators from different countries, she is discussed by specialists and admired by the inhabitants.
Modern parents dream of sending their children to study in Finland, and school leavers are increasingly giving preference to the educational institutions of this country. What is the phenomenon of Finnish education, and what positive and negative aspects does it have?
The educational process in the form of a game begins in kindergarten from the age of six. He aims to transfer to children the knowledge and skills necessary for the first stage of schooling.
At the forefront is the belief in the talents of each child, which allows already in preschool age to master the two languages of the country - Finnish and Swedish. In kindergarten are accepted all the kids who are ten months old.Next to ordinary children there are disabled children, which allows many of them to recover by talking with their peers.
While it is characteristic for schoolchildren of the country to shine with erudition and reading, they spend a small amount of time in an educational institution. What allows them to gain knowledge without cramming and long classes in school? The duration of the school year is 10 months (August-May), with weekday classes only during the daytime, short-term vacations in the fall, winter and spring.
In the schedule of the educational process, a lot of time is given to interesting activities for the child: sports, hobbies and so on. No subjects for study are not imposed, given the individual abilities and characteristics of each student. Two-level training.
Lower level to seventh grade. Top - in ninth grade. Then the child chooses a lyceum or college, depending on the specialization.
We define the pros and cons of the Finnish school education. The advantages should include the following:
- All public schools are equal. There are no elite institutions that would receive more funds for development.The choice of school for a child is free and does not depend on the place of residence. And given the equal financial and educational opportunities of schools, preference is given to the closest ones. Private schools exist for those who consciously study a certain subject, which is specialized for the chosen profession.
- The Finnish system does not divide children according to their level of knowledge and health. In one class, wheelchair users, lagging students and geeks are side by side. They all communicate on equal terms, adapting to society. Each is individual and talented in his own way, which is emphasized by teachers.
- The position of the child among peers and the attitude of teachers towards him does not depend on the place of work and the positions of the parents. It is strictly forbidden to question students about finding out where their parents work. The priority for the teacher are the children themselves.
- No fees and contributions. The state provides the child with everything. From writing materials and laptops, to transport and lunch. The school provides free guided tours and activities.
- Children have different knowledge to the best of their abilities, so they receive assignments of different levels of complexity.This is called an individual approach to each child.
- If the student requires additional clarification of the material, the teacher will give him free time after the lessons. And will be encouraged for this.
- Children are taught realities, not abstract concepts. The school provides knowledge for everyday life. For example, we study the calculation of bank interest, the compilation of summaries, the creation of an area plan, and so on.
- Voluntary participation in the educational process and self-education are encouraged. The teenager receives only the knowledge that he really wants. To this end, the schedule is adjusted, where unnecessary items for each individual are cut off.
- Repeaters are not ridiculed and do not indulge in shame. It is believed that the child can improve knowledge and decide on a profession.
In addition to these positive points, you should pay attention to the negative aspects:
- There is no desire to improve the level of knowledge of lagging schoolchildren, since they are offered tasks easier than those of excellent students, limiting the chances of attaining a leading position. You can always just complete a task that you can do without seeking more.
- There is no subordination between children and teachers, which leads to uncomfortable situations in relations due to adolescence and youthful maximalism.
- The school signs a contract with teachers for a year, at the risk of getting an unqualified employee instead of an experienced teacher. The staffing of the institution is not permanent, which is not always convenient for the educational process.
You can list all the pros and cons of Finnish school education for a long time, but the facts are a stubborn thing. And they keep saying - Finnish schoolchildren have high-quality knowledge without exams, hassle and homework cram, enjoying the freedom of choice and childhood-adolescence.
And what is the significant Finnish education for students? A distinctive feature of universities, in comparison with other countries, is the institutionalized opportunity for students to have a real impact on the process itself, participating in the development of institutions, improving the structure of education and creating programs with teachers.
This is an innovative methodology, problem-oriented, based on equality, without authoritarianism.She has discussions, group work, independent search for information. What can be positive and negative to highlight in Finnish higher education? The undoubted advantages are:
- Modern education without language boundaries. In Finland, you can get a master's degree or defend a doctoral dissertation in English, which many Finns use. The opportunity to be aware of the development of modern scientific thought first, receiving knowledge from the best professors from other universities in the world. Lectures are invited scientists from Europe and America.
- Free tuition for all students is another plus in the piggy bank of the “Finnish phenomenon”. Not everyone has a decent education money. This is a very costly event, which in Europe even make out a loan. And here the state assumes all costs, even for the training of foreign students. The desire to learn and the knowledge of the future student, rather than his financial capabilities, are decisive when entering universities.
- Equality to the existence of different points of view. We welcome the free expression of our own position on any issue and a lively dialogue with teachers.There is no standard approach and dogma, all opinions have the right to exist.
- Convenience of the organization of the educational process and the proximity of campuses. The opportunity to have discounts on a student card for visiting the gym, in museums, on travel by public transport. Well-organized low-cost meals in the dining room, free printing of documents, free service in the student hospital and much more, allowing you to feel comfortable.
Where there are pluses, there is always a place and cons, among which are:
- The presence of difficulties with finding housing and bureaucracy. In the absence of places on campuses will have to work hard to find accommodation. Documents submitted for obtaining a residence permit can sometimes be considered with a delay, which does not allow you to quickly get an insurance number, and therefore, rent a house.
- Difficulties with practice and employment are familiar even to Finns. The summer practice is not organized by the university, but is completely entrusted to the student. Proficiency in Finnish is important for employment and part-time work, and employers welcome hands-on experience.
- There is no control over each student, since everything is based on self-organization and self-learning.This could be attributed to pluses, but taking into account our mentality, when a student needs regular shaking up and checking his level of knowledge, we put the democratic approach to the educational process in minuses.
- Finnish is quite complicated, and, despite the possibility of free tuition, it is not possible to speak tolerably well. And this limits the student's ability to communicate with fellow students, employment for the purpose of part-time work.
Whether the Finnish educational system is good or not, decide for yourself. But to get to know her and put on her good points, it is worth.
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