How to make a bath tub with your own hands
Bath pool: options for the city and garden
Fonts that allow you to quickly refresh yourself after a steam room are used in Finnish saunas and traditional Russian baths. Capacity should be roomy, but not too bulky. Its dimensions depend on the size of the bath, the shape can be chosen depending on personal preferences. Bath tub can be:
The most common are the first two options. The oval font fits easily into any room, it is quite voluminous, but does not take up much space. Such capacity is easy to install, it can be made in any material.
The round font is perfect for a Japanese bath. It resembles the traditional bath of ofuro and should be quite deep. It is easy to make a hole for the oven in such a container; it can be installed in any free angle without blocking the room.
Square fonts are less common, because of the corners, the structure is difficult to dry, wooden parts deteriorate faster. Improving the situation will help round the corners from the inside.So the capacity will be easier to wash and it will dry much faster.
The triangular font can be installed even in the smallest bath by moving it into a corner. It has the same drawbacks as square, the inside corners in wooden structures are recommended to be rounded. Plastic triangular containers, devoid of the minuses of wooden structures, are more commonly used.
Depending on the material, the font may be:
Wooden and plastic fonts can be bought ready-made and mounted independently. However, some owners prefer to create fonts from scratch. The necessary blanks can be purchased in building hypermarkets, installation and assembly tips can be easily found in specialized magazines. There are step by step instructions and available drawings that are suitable for all types of baths.
Wooden font: advantages and disadvantages
Wooden tanks for washing - a real bath classic. When heated, the tree produces beneficial phytoncides that have a beneficial effect on the respiratory system, are soothing, relaxing, and promote complete relaxation.
It is quite possible to assemble a wooden font by yourself.For it you will need hardwood resistant to moisture: larch, oak, beech, Siberian cedar. These materials are characterized by durability, spectacular appearance, they do not rot and do not crack. The choice of wood depends on personal preferences, financial opportunities and other important points. Larch is recommended for lovers of particularly high temperatures. Especially strong material is not affected by a fungus, has bactericidal properties. Larch fonts have a beneficial effect on the skin.
A more expensive option - cedar font. Siberian cedar is rich in phytoncides, creates in the bath a unique atmosphere of the summer forest. Essential oils contained in wood have tonic and regenerating properties and help fight depression and catarrhal diseases.
For connoisseurs of unusual decisions suitable fonts from durable and beautiful beech. Wood tolerates sudden changes in temperature, it is easy to care for. In addition, beech has a pleasant tart flavor, which is loved by real connoisseurs of the bathing heat.
Most often in the baths there are strong and not too expensive oak tubs.They help to fight various skin lesions, inflammations, chronic insomnia.
Despite many advantages, there are drawbacks to wooden bath fonts. They require careful maintenance and careful operation. It should not be allowed to dry out, after cleaning and rinsing, pour a small amount of water into the container and close the font with a lid. From time to time a wooden tank is inspected to detect minor damage in time. The font should be set perfectly smooth, it will help protect it from deformation.
There is one more variant suitable for mini-baths - an oblong font. The container in the form of a small barrel is filled with water and hung on the wall.
How to make a wooden font do it yourself
It is not difficult to assemble a wooden font at home, this work can be done by everyone who has the minimum carpentry skills. The standard model consists of a barrel-shaped vat and an added or fixed ladder. It is recommended to supplement the design with a precisely fitted lid. It will maintain a normal level of humidity and a suitable water temperature.
Before starting work, you need to make accurate measurements and determine the place for the font. Most often, the container is placed in a corner, saving scarce space. A draft of the future capacity is being drawn up, allowing accurate calculation of the required amount of materials. To create a font you will need:
- Planks made of solid wood with a cross section of 20 to 120 mm, the length depends on the depth of the tank. Boards are needed for laying out walls, bottom, stairs, internal benches and stands.
- The beam is 100 by 100 or 150 by 150. It is useful for creating a solid base for the font.
- Strips and bolts of flexible but durable metal.
- Screws for fastening the legs and fasten the bottom parts.
First produced blanks for walls. Boards are sawn in accordance with pre-made measurements. Their length should exceed the height of the future font by 100 mm. Each billet is milled at the edges. On the one hand, a semicircular spike is formed, on the other a groove is cut, exactly corresponding in size. In the same way, boards for the floor of the font are sawn and milled. Billets must be very tightly fitted to each other, otherwise the coil will pass water.
On the boards intended for the calculation of the walls, 100 mm are measured. This part will cover the base and protect the font from drafts. Above is the mark of the thickness of the floorboard (25-30 mm). At this place a square groove is cut, its depth is equal to a third of the thickness of the board. Finished parts are thoroughly polished, they must be perfectly smooth both outside and inside.
Installation of a font from a tree: the step-by-step instruction
After the preparatory phase, you can proceed to assembly. The product is mounted on the principle of a barrel, but its walls do not taper at the base and near the open part, but remain completely flat. First going to the bottom shield. Blanks are fastened with wood glue and clamped with clamps. For a round font, a square shield is needed, for an oval, a rectangular one.
When the glue is completely dry, the bottom contour is indicated on the surface in accordance with measurements made in advance. The bottom is carefully cut out, the edges are processed with sandpaper. On the underside of the shield is strengthened with bars, which are screwed with screws. This should be done very carefully so that the sharp metal parts do not stick in the floor of the font.
Along the edges of the bottom part are installed short sticks-legs. From one edge a hole is drilled for water flow, a siphon with a hose is installed in it. The bottom rises to the desktop for easy installation of the walls. The boards are inserted close together so that the protrusions fit perfectly into the slots. The assembled font is fastened with metal strips, bolts are inserted into the special lugs at the edges and tightly tightened with nuts. For a strong font you need at least 3 lanes.
The ladder is made of 2 planks installed vertically. They are supplied with bars-steps. The design is mounted on special hooks. Inside of the font, seats are installed from carefully smoked boards.
Concrete font: advantages and disadvantages
For spacious baths suitable concrete font - a kind of mini-pool, the shape of which depends on the desire of the owner. The depth of the standard font corresponds to the average human growth, the shape can be any: geometrically correct or fancy.
The concrete pool is aesthetic, comfortable and pleasant to use. This structure is very reliable, it does not require careful care and repair.However, the design has its drawbacks. Concrete font can not be done in an existing bath, it should be planned at the construction stage.
How to make a concrete container with your own hands
To create a font of concrete dig a pit. At the bottom you can make a drain to drain water. For him, dig a trench to the sewer, and then lay in it a discharge pipe. You can do without the drain by equipping the font with a pump for pumping out water.
The bottom of the pit is covered with a layer of coarse sand, which is moistened and carefully compacted. A grate of reinforcing bars is laid on top of the sand pillow, and it also covers the walls of the future font. The formwork is set according to the level, the walls are supported by bars. Concrete solution is poured into it, it is leveled near the sides and left to dry. The fixation of the structure will take at least 28 days.
After the concrete has set, the struts are removed, and the screed is placed on the bottom. The inside is leveled with plaster. The mixture should fill all the potholes and irregularities, providing a perfectly smooth surface.
For waterproofing is used deep penetrating impregnation, it is applied with a brush or roller in several layers. Around the font and on the sides laid out decorative tiles.The inside of the pool is trimmed with mosaic tiles or liquid rubber. If a mosaic finish is chosen, only waterproof glue is used. Liquid rubber is sprayed or roller applied. This option looks less impressive than a bright tile, but soft and elastic surface is very pleasant when bathing.
For the concrete pool fit ready-made metal stairs. It is hooked over the side of the container or embedded in the floor. Around the pool is recommended to make a groove for draining water, covered with a solid plastic grille.
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