How is Ebola transmitted?

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How is Ebola transmitted?

Ebola today is one of the most dangerous diseases that stirred the whole world with another outbreak of the epidemic in African states in March 2014 and killed more than 5 thousand people today.

Ebola virus or hemorrhagic fever Ebola - an acute viral disease caused by the virus of the same name, is considered an extremely rare disease in nature, but at the same time extremely dangerous with a high percentage of mortality. The first outbreaks were recorded in Central and West Africa and the mortality rate was approximately 50%.

Scientists discovered the virus at the end of 1976 and received its name from the name of the Ebola River in Zaire, in the basin of which it was isolated.

Ways to transmit the virus

How is ebola transmitted?

The Ebola virus infects higher primates, mainly members of the human race. The classification of the virus is represented by 5 types, 4 of which affect the human body.

The virus is transmitted exclusively through direct contact with the blood or other biological fluids of the human body, the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and the skin are also considered the "gate of infection".A big misconception that arose on the basis of the mass fear of infection today is that the disease can be transmitted by airborne droplets.

The incubation period of the disease is 1-21 days, if a person does not recover in 7-16 days, then the probability of death is great.

Symptoms of the disease include headaches, aching muscle pain, diarrhea, vomiting, a dry cough, chest pain, skin rash (most cases), dehydration of the whole body, liver and kidney function are reduced, in 50% of cases internal bleeding was recorded.

Where is the Ebola virus

The first cases of Ebola infection were recorded in Sudan and some parts of Zaire. Since March 2014, disease outbreaks have been located predominantly in African countries, such as Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal. Few cases of fatal infections have also been recorded in the United States and in Europe, where the disease has leaked from Central Africa.

Safety and precautions

In August 2014, Ebola was recognized by WHO as a global threat.There is no vaccine against the virus at the moment, so all you can do to prevent the virus from entering the body is to protect yourself. With the precautions that our readers share, you will learn from the column of questions and answers on our website - I am very afraid of the Ebola virus from Africa! How do I protect myself ?.

Among the main precautions at risk of infection should be the following:

  • Follow the information and instructions broadcast by the Ministry of Health in the media;
  • If you suspect that someone from your environment Ebola, he may have returned from a country where there have been cases of infection, strongly advise him to contact the medical institution at the first possible signs;
  • You should be aware of the characteristics of the disease, how it is transmitted and the primary symptoms;
  • Restrict yourself to entry, at least for the duration of the epidemic, to countries where outbreaks have been recorded, namely in African republics;
  • If you decide to care for a patient with Ebola, then tell health workers, because Today, Ebola is a global danger and very close attention is needed to any manifestations of this disease.In this case, you must be given special protection measures - gloves and personal protective equipment, as well as instructions for proper care of the sick. WHO strongly discourages care for the sick at home! And seek professional medical care.

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