High pressure. Causes, symptoms, help

Arterial hypertension is a dangerous disease. High blood pressure can lead to heart disease, kidney problems, severe complications, including disability and death. The danger, in particular, is that the disease is often asymptomatic. And the person who goes to the doctor has a serious degree of the disease. It is important to diagnose hypertension in time at the initial stages.


Causes of a short-term increase in blood pressure:



  • Drinking alcohol

  • Strong tea

  • Strong coffee

  • Smoked cigarette

  • Exercise stress

  • Stress

  • Taking certain medications


Causes of a prolonged increase in blood pressure:



  • Consuming large amounts of salt

  • Overweight, obesity

  • Alcohol

  • Sedentary lifestyle

  • Prolonged mental stress

  • Excessive congestion

  • Smoking

  • Elderly age

  • Renal failure

  • Hereditary predisposition

  • Ecology


Symptoms



  • Dizziness

  • Headache

  • Heart pain

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Darkening eyes

  • General malaise

  • Redness on face

  • Excessive sweating

  • Intense heat

  • Edemas

  • Dyspnea

  • Noise in ears


Help



  • If you suspect a hypertensive crisis, the first thing we measure the pressure. Keep in mind that measurement conditions can significantly affect the readings of tonometers.

  • A person with elevated blood pressure must be laid or seated so that the head is raised.

  • If possible, provide access to oxygen, open the windows for fresh air.

  • If the patient was previously prescribed medications, then use those that are prescribed to take several times a day, because they will act faster.

  • With elevated blood pressure helps lemon. You can make water with lemon or put a lemon slice under the tongue.

  • You can slightly reduce the pressure by taking diuretic products. This is lingonberry juice, parsley juice, fresh cucumber juice.

  • From medication help corinfar, acridilol, captopril.

  • In case of obvious psycho-emotional arousal, take valokordin or motherwort tincture to calm the person.

  • Massage the neck and temples.




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