Apple "Zhigulevskoe": description of the variety, the rules of planting and care
- Description of the variety
- Apple care
Description of the variety
Apple "Zhigulevskoe" refers to medium-sized varieties, grow to 3 m. Pyramidal Crohn or spherical, not very thickened, facilitates easy penetration of sunlight. The leaves are oval-shaped with a pointed tip and bright green color. The trunk and branches of dark brown, shoots raised up. Flowers are white and large. It starts blooming early, when frost is still possible. During this period, gardeners should protect the apple tree to preserve flowers.
This variety belongs to the large-fruited, apples weigh from 120 to 250 grams. The fruit is rounded with strong skin, yellowish-red color, stripes and spots are visible on the surface. The flesh is creamy with a sweet-sour taste and a coarse-grained structure. Harvesting begins in late August - early September.2 weeks after the harvest, the taste of apples becomes sweeter. Productivity is high, up to 240 kg can give a tree in 5-7 years after planting, the first crop can already be removed for 4 year. Low calorie fruits, only 55 kcal per 100 g.
Apple tree belongs to samobesplodnyh varieties. To make fruit set, she needs a pollinator. For pollination, it is recommended to plant such varieties as Antonovka ordinary, Kuibyshevskoe, Spartak, Northern synapse, Anis gray, Kutuzovets and others. The distance between the trees should not be more than 50 m. Ideally, if there are beehives in the garden or nearby, then pollinating trees are not required.
It is recommended to purchase one- or two-year-old seedlings in specialized stores. When choosing a seedling should pay attention to the root system. It should be healthy and elastic, preferably covered with a clay talker and a length of 30 cm. The vaccination site is covered with bark and smoothed. Before planting, soak the seedlings for a day in water, then remove dry and damaged roots.
Planting can be made in spring or autumn. Black soil, loamy and sandy soils are best suited.The place should be sunny and sheltered from the wind. Preferably the absence of groundwater.
The pit should be prepared in advance. For planting, dig a hole not less than 80 cm deep and 100 cm in diameter. Loosen the bottom of the hole by 15-20 cm. The top layer of soil is mixed with peat, manure, wood ash and potassium fertilizer. Stones or broken bricks are laid at the bottom of the pit for drainage, then 2/3 of the soil is filled with fertilizer with a mound. A sapling is installed on a mound so that the root neck is 5-7 cm above the soil level. A wooden peg, burned from one end, is driven in next to it. Sapling sprinkled with the remaining earth, and tied to a peg. Liberally watered with warm water and mulch with humus or peat, if planting in the fall, then additionally covered with insulating material.
Apple requires regular watering, preferably in the morning or in the evening, at least 3-4 buckets per tree. During the season, produce 4 irrigation: before blooming buds, during the flowering period, before harvesting and in late autumn.
After watering, the soil is loosened and, if necessary, mulched to access the air.
In the second year of planting, you can trim the crown.Remove all dry and damaged branches, form a crown, convenient for collecting fruits. Pruning produced in early spring. Cut to the very foundation, after the place of the cut to process garden pitch.
Apple trees begin to fertilize 3 years after planting, at least 3 times per season. To strengthen the apple and increase yields, it is recommended to use organic and mineral fertilizers. The first top dressing is made in the spring with nitrogen-containing fertilizers (humus, ammonium nitrate, urea). As soon as flowering began, they feed the second time with superphosphate, mullein, bird droppings. The last feeding should be in the fall, before wintering.
Apple is resistant to many diseases and pests. To prevent injury, it is recommended:
- To carry out preventive measures to protect against the moth: remove fallen leaves and fruits, dig up the soil, clean the bark, sprinkle a solution of wormwood, set traps.
- Spring is mandatory whitewashing trunks to protect against burns.
- With powdery mildew, treat with Topaz and Scor.
- To protect against hares and rodents, before winter, the tree is tied with roofing felt, pine branches or a protective net.
Tatyana, Kursk region:“Apple tree Zhigulevskoe grows in my garden for more than 15 years. Every year in the fall I cut, feed and the next year I always get about 200 kg of apples. ”
Michael, Nizhny Novgorod:“Apple tolerates winter well. The apples are large and red, well preserved in winter. Care is not difficult, the main thing is to water and feed. ”
Elena, Bryansk:“I love this variety for tasty and juicy apples, from which tasty jam is made. They are also well suited for drying for the winter. ”
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